Beginning is with Allah's name Ar Rehman Who is the Most Merciful.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

الكواكب

Root ك و ك ب

Planets

جَنَّ  

Root: ج ن ن

Veil, conceal, cover, hide.

رَءَا

Root ر أ ى

It signifies seeing with the eye, arouse attention, consideration. It also signifies mental perception, conception, notion, idea. It is in any case related to physical senses. When it has one complement it means seeing with  eye; with two complements it  means knowing, have knowledge.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

فَصَّلنَا

Root   ف  ص  ل

The basic concept infolded in this root is to make things distinct from each other. This facilitates people to easily comprehend and perceive things.

Divide and put apart, separation, partition, segregate one from the other; the limit or boundary to separate two lands/things.

Plural.

Root: ن  ج  م

Star

It may be remembered that sky is only one; it was converted/ appropriated/ proportioned into seven layers. Therefore, whenever there is a mention of between skies and earth, dual هُما has been used. In between is with relation to one layer, nearest one, and earth. Stars are not the object of sky of earth. But Planets are the objects of sky of earth, our solar system.

Root: ن  ث ر

Basic perception/ concept infolded in the root is scatter, sprinkle, disperse, throw dispersing.

فُجِّرَت

ف ج ر

clave, cut or divide; water burst or pour through; and when water flows out of its bounds {sea etc} it scatters.

انكدرت

Root  ك  د  ر

become turbid, duskiness or dinginess; of a hue inclining to black and dust color.

طُمِست

Root    ط  م  س

effaced or obliterated, extirpated the trace or mark thereof; deprived of light.

نُسِفت

Root  ن  س  ف

Dust

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ibne Kathir

و هي الكواكب  المنيرة المشرقة

Al Qurtabi

كواكب

Al Jalalain:

بنجوم

 

 

 

 

 

 

مبين

Root:  ب  ى  ن

Separating, severing, disuniting, or cut-ting off; distancing two things from each other; this makes both apparent, manifest, evident, clear, plain or perspicuous;

The basic concept infolded in the Root is to create a distance between two things to make both of them separate and distinguished and distinct from each other.

com·et [kómmət]

(plural com·ets)

noun

astronomical object with long tail: an astronomical object that is composed of a mass of ice and dust and has a long luminous tail produced by vaporization when its orbit passes close to the Sun

[12th century. Directly or via French < Latin (stella) cometa "long-haired (star)" < Greek (astēr) komētēs < komē "hair of the head"]

{With thanks from Encarta}

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

بُرٌوجًا

Root:          ب  ر  ج

Applied to a certain kind of a structure, tower, chambers, towers built upon the boundary wall of a palace, turret.

استرق

Root:   س  ر ق

steal; obtain secretly and by artifice, clandestinely.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

يُقذَفُونَ

Root:   ق  ذ  ف

to throw, hurl

دُحُورًا

Root:  د  ح  ر

to drive away, expel or banish, push away with violence, roughness or ignominy.

From every side denotes that they are swarmed/darted from every side to expel them {only make them fearful, and not to kill}

Meteor shower resembles the statement.

"Meteor, in astronomy, small solid body known as a meteoroid that enters a planet's atmosphere from outer space and is raised to incandescence by the friction resulting from its rapid motion. Brilliant meteors, known as fireballs, occur singly and generally consist of a luminous head, followed by a comet like train of light that may persist for several minutes; some, called bolides, have been seen to explode with a sound like thunder. Fainter meteors, called shooting or falling stars, usually occur singly and sporadically. At intervals, however, hundreds of such meteors occur simultaneously and appear to emanate from a fixed point. These swarms are called meteor showers and are named after the constellation in which they seem to have their point of origin. Some appear annually on the same days of each year and are called periodic showers; others occur infrequently at varying intervals. The periods of meteor showers generally coincide with those of certain comets (see Comet). Most meteors are dissipated in flight and fall to the earth as dust; a meteor that reaches the surface of the earth or another planet is called a meteorite.

"Meteor." Microsoft® Encarta® 2006 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2005.

said of heat altering the color, whiteness predominated over blackness; a piece of wood in which fire is gleaming or radiating; fireball as explained in 27:07

Root: ث ق  ب

piercing, shone and glistened intensely, bright; streak of light, incandescence.

 

Asteroid, one of the  many small or minor rocky planetoids that are members of the solar system and that move in elliptical orbits primarily between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter.

Thanks to NASA that human efforts are also successful in reaching there.

NEAR Shoemaker set down safely on Eros in February 2001—the first spacecraft ever to land on an asteroid.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sky of the Earth-

1-Planets

2-Comets and Asteroids

3-Why and how the Sky of World/Earth has been made safe from Evil ones?

4-Seven Layers of Atmosphere

 

             Grand Quran has stated about the lower, near Sky of the Earth:

"We have adorned the one sky of world/Earth with the attraction/beauty of Planets" {37:06}

الكواكب is plural of and this Arabic word occurs firstly in Quran Majeed in 06:76:

It is ordinarily translated as under:

YUSUF ALI: When the night covered him over, He saw a star:
PICKTHAL: When the night grew dark upon him he beheld a star.
SHAKIR: So when the night over-shadowed him, he saw a star;

{Reference Compute CD "Alim" by ISL Software Corporation, USA}

                  It has conspicuously been stated that what Sydena Ibrahim عليه السلام saw he saw it after darkness of the night had spread/overtaken the surroundings. In the darkness of night one does not see a single star in the sky but quiet a large number of stars {about 5000} are visible to the naked eye, but  he saw one كوكبا.

                 Quran e Majeed came in 7th century but people have known the distinction between stars and planets from couple of centuries BC. The basic difference between both, as we know, is that stars emit light but planets don’t have their own light, they reflect light. How both could have same meanings and termed as stars?

                 After sun and moon, planet Venus is the most shining object. It is visible on sky three hours before sunrise and for three hours after sunset. After these three objects planet Jupiter is the brightest object. It is three times brighter than the brightest star Sirius. Because of its prominence, the Romans had given it name Jupiter after the name of their bigger god, idol.

                  A word is needed to convey and transmit a specific perception. Words serve as a medium to communicate perceptions. It is for this reason that, a language will be considered rich, clear, perspicuous, eloquent, distinct, free from admixture, void of indistinctness or without concealment, apparent like the daybreak and divested of the froth, if its words have the capability of transporting the perception from one mind to a listener and reader, in a manner that it generates in the recipient mind exactly the same neurological process of observation and interpretation and creates a true copy of that perception.

              And its the Arabic Mubeen of Quran Mubeen, the language {لسان} of the Last Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم which has the capacity of transmitting and making the perception reach to the listener and reader, in the aforesaid manner. Therefore plural الكواكب Root ك و ك ب  , can not and should not be translated as “star” since Quran e Majeed has made a clear distinction between the celestial objects. And it is unfair with the Arabic Language which is proud of vastness of its vocabulary and concepts to assign same name to different names assigned by Arabic words.

 

 

Al Qurtabi says : و رأي المشتري أو الزهرة

And saw Jupiter or Venus

Al Jalalain says: هو الزهرة

He said "That is Venus"

       Who was right and specific?

        The difference between Venus and Jupiter is that Venus after three hours of sunset disappears from the sky and is not visible till three hours before sunset. Jupiter, when it is visible from earth, does not disappear but remains visible on the sky. And Quran e Majeed tells that the planet which was seen by Ibrahim عليه السلام had then disappeared from their sight; " And when it disappeared". It is thus evident that seeing the Venus appearing on the sky, he had drawn the attention of people around him towards Venus. Thus it is also clear that he had pointed towards Venus after quite some time of sunset on that night but within three hours of the sunset.

       Quran e Majeed has drawn a vivid distinction between planets and stars. It says:

"And Allah is the One Who has appointed for you stars  so that with that you people may guide/find direction in the dark {unmarked} spaces of land and sea.

 We have made distinct Our Ayat so that people may know/get informed" {Refer 06:97}

"And with one star they get the direction/destination/guidance" {Ref 16:16}

           Quran e Majeed claims about itself that it is "", i.e. a statement of absolute fact. It has made a distinction between stars and الكواكب since it has never said that people can get guidance/direction from الكواكب, Planets. are not the celestial objects of the sky of Earth. And Quran e Majeed neither said that the Sky of the Earth is adorned with , stars. On the contrary it has said:

"We have adorned the one sky of world with the attraction/beauty of Planets" {37:06}

 

            Vivid distinction between and الكواكب  is also visible from their end.:

"And when the planets will scatter"

"And when the oceans/seas will scatter/overflow" {Ref 82:02-03}

 

” and “فُجِّرَت” have the commonality of “scatter”. And both reflect light and absorb light.

 

And the end of Stars is this:

"And when the stars fall losing their luster/light" {Ref 81:02}

 

"And then when the stars become scattered"

"When the mountains are scattered (to the winds) as dust" { Ref  77:08, 10}

"And the mountains shall be crumbled to atoms, Becoming dust/Gases scattered" {Ref 56:05-06}

 

  And we know stars are massive shining sphere of hot gas {dust like}.

 

          

              Quran e Majeed said:

"We have adorned the one sky of world with the attraction/beauty of Planets" {37:06}

 زينةٍ  is necessarily something in which there is an attraction. Anything which does not absorb attention/attraction cannot be called زينةٍ. And we all know that man has always attraction and interest in the planets. America deserves world wide appreciation for what its NASA is doing with the funding of its people from which the entire humanity benefits. It has not yet confirmed the number of planets in our solar system. But Quran e Majeed has indicated its number, excluding earth, as 11.

"When Yousaf عليه السلام told his father "Dad! I keep seeing 11 planets, the sun and moon, I see them like those who have attraction in coming nearer for me" {Refer 12:04}

 

               Father advised him not to narrate it to his 11 brothers to avoid inspiration of any jealousy in them by the Satan. Indeed this dream reflected metaphorically a fact that had to happen in the life of Yousaf عليه السلام when his father, mother and 11 brothers were to come near to him/join him in Egypt after his separation and having been taken by a caravan and sold by them to an advisor/ minister of the king of Egypt. There is a similarity between the planets and 11 brothers of Yousaf عليه السلام. They did not have their own light. They reflect light. 11 brothers have become famous only because of Yousaf عليه السلام.

              But the fact remains that he had seen 11 planets. The question is can we see/perceive even in dream a thing which does not exist in reality somewhere? What he had seen also had proven a reality. Can neurons create and pass on a signal for storage in the memory without existence of a thing somewhere?

              One thing is certain that Messengers of Allah never see a dream which does not exist as a fact in the past, present or future. He has seen 11 planets, excluding the earth. We will find them sooner or later; it is the promise of Allah:

"We will keep making it visible to the eyes of those who do not accept Quran, the signs/knowledge in the Universe and in their own bodies till it becomes evident for them that this Quran is a statement of proven fact" {Refer 41:53}

May I suggest to NASA that whenever they find the 10th and 11th planet, it should be named after two brothers of Yousaf عليه السلام, one from his own mother and the second from his second mother which may be proposed by our cousins, Bani Israel living in Israel. I suggest to all Muslim communities/countries to recognize Israel as there lives Bani Israel whom Quran e Majeed addresses directly. When Allah, his Last Messenger and the Last Book recognizes them, why Muslim countries should not recognize them as a nation and obviously a nation lives in a geographical territory? 


Comets and Asteroids بُرٌوجًا:

 

              Grand Quran has further stated about the lower, near Sky of the Earth:

"And We have adorned the sky of the world with comets and made it safe" {Refer 41:12}

It is usually translated as under:

YUSUF ALI:  And We adorned the lower heaven with lights, and (provided it) with guard.
PICKTHAL: and We decked the nether heaven with lamps, and rendered it inviolable.
SHAKIR:  and We adorned the lower heaven with brilliant stars and (made it) to guard;                  Rashad Khalifa: And we adorned the lowest universe with lamps, and placed guards around it.

"And We have adorned the sky of the world with comets and made those a source of hurling for Evil Ones" {who come there to listen something} {Refer 67:05}

YUSUF ALI: And we have, (from of old), adorned the lowest heaven with Lamps, and We have made such (Lamps) (as) missiles to drive away the Evil Ones,
PICKTHAL: And verily We have beautified the world's heaven with lamps, and We have made them missiles for the devils,
SHAKIR: And certainly We have adorned this lower heaven with lamps and We have made these missiles for the Shaitans,

Rashad Khalifa: We adorned the lowest universe with lamps, and guarded its borders with projectiles against the devils;

               It is thus evident that in the old and modern exegesis and translations three distinct words , and used by the Quran e Majeed were assigned the same and similar meanings in their translations.

               Language is a medium to transmit and convey knowledge and perceptions from one mind to another mind. This transfer and transportation can be possible and could be termed as the best only if the listener and reader could infer and perceive exactly what was in the mind and heart of the first person. And the language comprises of words. Therefore for the exact transfer of knowledge and perception from one mind to another mind the words must have distinct and predefined meanings conveying a specific perception. The words must make two things distinct from each other to earn eloquence to the language.

              The Grand Quran is called ,  and about its language it is told:

"And this language is Arabic, One that makes things distinct" {Refer 16:103}

"With language Arabic, One that makes things distinct" {Refer 26:195}

               The very word مبين about the Quran and its language Arabic clarifies that the meanings of a statement/word of Quran cannot be two or three. Quran is made easy because of it being مبين .  Then its Ayat, imparting knowledge  have been "فصلت" i.e. separated/segregated so that everything becomes distinct. Again its Ayat have been "احكمت" which means to distinguish the two things, segregate right from wrong, knowledge from conjecture, truth from falsehood since the job of the judge is to decide and segregate two things. And Quran is still made easier by تصريف so that even a man of ordinary prudence could perceive the stated thing from all angles comprehensively. Quran says right has been segregated from wrong. But our problem is that we don't have much of time and see Quran only as a side activity.

              Arabic Mubeen do not permit that these , ,three different words should be perceived and translated in other languages to mean one and the same thing. Notwithstanding what the old and modern translators said the statement of the Quran is only that which is reflected and conveyed by its own words.

                its Root is ص  ب  ح means day break; it is the time when day becomes eminent and visible. It conveys the perception and meaning of the point of beginning. It reflects a visible position. And therefore it is used to call someone as beautiful, pretty or elegant peculiarly in the face, bright in the face. مُصبِج is the one who enters at the time of morning. اصبَجَ means hairy one with whiteness naturally intermixed in it with redness, shining hair.

                In old times, people observed certain objects appearing suddenly in the sky and behaving differently from planets. From their appearance they gave them the Greek name "Komet" meaning "hairy one, hair of the head". And today we call them "Comet", an astronomical object with long tail.

                 Man knows about "comets" for the last 2500 years and have observed and recorded about 2000 comets. At the time of revelation of Quran e Mubeen, the appearance of large comets was regarded as atmospheric phenomenon and same was the perception of Aristotle. It were not regarded as celestial bodies. Quran e Majeed clarified that it were celestial bodies like the planets:

"We have adorned the one sky of world with the attraction/beauty of Planets" {37:06}

"And We have adorned the sky of the world with comets and made it safe" {Refer 41:12}

After about 900 years of the information given by Quran, people starting believing them as celestial bodies but unfortunately our translators kept calling , and as stars and lamps merely copying from earlier translation.

"Appearances of large comets were regarded as atmospheric phenomena until 1577, when Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe proved that they were celestial bodies. In the 17th century British scientist Isaac Newton demonstrated that the movements of comets are subject to the same laws that control the planets in their orbits.

Pasachoff, Jay M. "Comet." Microsoft® Encarta® 2006 [DVD]. Redmond, WA: Microsoft Corporation, 2005".

                 The Arabic word was much more reflective with great precision to describe the object than the word "komet" assigned by the Greeks. It becomes visible only when it reaches near the Sun. Sun is the reflection of day break and مُصبِج is the one who enters at the time of morning. And its visibility and behavior/movement is like  رُجُومًا. The Root of this word is "ر  ج  م"which means to throw, hurl at someone. Here is the picture; and please compare it with the meanings and perception given by and رُجُومًا. 

             

             

              Why and how the sky of world has been made safe from Evil ones? Grand Quran explained:

"And We have made in the sky towers {Asteroids} and made the sky attractive for on lookers

And We have made the sky of earth safe from every Cursed and condemned Satan; except { regard to safety} that he who listens clandestinely, therefore for that a visible flame hurls towards him" {Refer 15:16-18}

"And We have made the sky {of earth} a safe canopy" {Refer 21:32}

"Permanence is for The One Who has made in the sky of earth towers/structures {Asteroids} and made in it Sun and a Reflecting Moon" {Refer 25:61}

{The sky of the earth has nothing to do with the constellations, in astronomy, any of imagined 88 groupings of bright stars that appear on the celestial sphere. Sky of earth does not have بنجوم stars}

"By the Sky, which is the possessor/holder of Asteroids" {Refer 85:01}

"We have adorned the one sky of world with the attraction/beauty of Planets" {37:06}

And made it safe from every Rebellious Satan

 Who cannot listen the talk of the Exalted Chiefs and they are hurled from every side {swarmed} to expel/push them away, and for them is {awaiting} perpetual torment;

except that if someone clandestinely overheard something a hurling fire ball follows him"{37:06-10}

            The word from Root "ش ه  ب" is said of heat altering the color, whiteness predominated over blackness; a piece of wood in which fire is gleaming or radiating; fireball as explained in verse 27:07

When Musa said to his family, "I have seen fire, I will bring to you from there some news

or I will bring a firebrand/fireball so that you may warm yourselves" {Refer 27:07}

    The summary of the information so far read is that the sky of earth has بُرٌوجًا  denoting towers built on the boundary wall of palaces for the stationing/sitting of guards which implies the smallness of their structure but in number larger. And it is told that to keep the evil satins away from listening to the "Exalted Chiefs" they are hurled/swarmed to frighten and expel them away. However if someone succeeds in listening few words clandestinely a fireball with streak of light chases/follows him. It may be noted that all the three thingsبُرٌوجًايُقذَفُونَ and   are distinct from each other. And the only interest of the evil satins is to get/listen some information from the Grand Chief's talks. The point to find out is regarding from where and how they are swarmed/darted and what is , a fireball hurled in a piercing manner with bright streak of light.

"And We have adorned the sky of the world with comets and made it safe" {Refer 41:12}

"And We have adorned the sky of the world with comets and made those a source of hurling for Evil Ones" {who come there to listen something} {Refer 67:05}

is explained and defined by . It clarifies that the source of swarm/dart/hurling/throwing, and fireball hurled upon one who had clandestinely listened/picked up few words from amongst the evil satins, are the i.e. Comets. The evil satins are from the family of Jinn {Creature not visible to human beings because of the reason that they look us from the point where we cannot see them-may be distance and angle problem of our eyes (Refer 7:27)}. Let us listen a group of them about their endeavors to listen and get information about the future in the sky of earth by listening the talk of "Exalted Chiefs""

{A group of Jinn who had listened the Quran said to their nation} "And we touched/went into the sky and we found that it is filled with strong guards and fireballs

We used, indeed {as you know} to sit in the sky in some of its sitting places for the purpose of listening. But now {We have come to know by listening Quran} if anyone listens he will find for himself a fireball awaiting him" {Refer 72:08-09}

               its Root is "ق ع  د" which signifies sitting for some length of time; places of sitting, strategic points for stationing the troops in a war {Refer 3:121}. And now let us see the picture of three of the بُرٌوجًا, Asteroid ,with thanks to Encarta

 

               It seems that are the ones appointed for organizing and implementing the commands of Allah with regard to the humanity and in listening their talk the evil satins are interested to get some news and then convey it to people to make them their friends.

                It seems that humanity has nothing to fear from these asteroids, meteor shower and comets. Let them roam about as they want to. If some asteroid or comet struck our land 65 million years ago resulting in the disappearance of the last of the dinosaurs that too was good for us otherwise they would have been a source of nuisance for humanity. There is something good and remarkable to watch and study them but there is little logic to pick up quarrels with them. Moreover it is not the celestial bodies that we should be afraid of; we should care for the One Who created them to serve us since:

"Do they not see/ponder over what was before them and hidden/behind them in the sky and earth

If it is Our will/wish We could cause the earth to swallow them up. or cause something from sky to fall on them" {Refer 34:09}

"And if they would see some piece from sky falling they would {presume and} say "a heap {piled up} of clouds" {Refer 52:44}

This reflects the possibility of falling something on earth from the sky. But if it happened {Allah forbids} all our gadgetry will make us presume that it is nothing but just piled up dust. It is mentioned about an old civilization Ad:

        "And when they thought/saw that as dense cloudy coming towards their valley they said, "This is a cloud, it will give us rain"

{They were told} "No, it is that you sought to hasten, it is wind in which there is a grievous punishment;

It will destroy everything by the command of its Lord". And then the result was that it ended with nothing was left to be seen except their houses/buildings. This is how We punish the guilty people.

And they were the people whom We had firmly established with power which We have not given to you and We had given them faculty of listening, seeing and interpreting/intellect/knowledge/know how/technology but all their faculties of knowledge did not profit/saved them when they deliberately denied the words of Allah and were then completely encircled by that {warning} which they used to mock/ridicule" {Refer 46:24-26}

It was cold wind that kept blowing for 8 days and seven nights. It lifted people and struck them against walls and everything. One can imagine the speed and intensity of it and the pains and cries of those people. That was the sorrow end of a very flourishing civilization equipped with wealth and knowledge. May Allah be kind to us.

           Grand Quran had disclosed 1400 years back that the Man will be able to interfere and play games not only in the Sky of the Earth but also in upper skies and had warned them in advance:

"And you people cannot frustrate His decisions neither in the Earth nor in the Sky

And for you people there is neither a protector nor a helper except Allah" {Refer 29:22}

"And nothing in the Skies nor in the Earth could ever frustrate Allah's Will and Command"      

"If Allah were to punish people for what they had earned He would not have left a single living moving specie upon sky/earth;

but He gives them a respite towards an appointed time" {Refer 35:44-45}

And let us carefully listen to a group of Muslim Jinns, who had the capability of roaming about in the Sky much before us, before embarking upon "games" of blasting some objects through nuclear explosions and recall the apprehensions expressed by late Carl Sagon {Astronomer}:

"And We are certain in our perception/thought that we cannot frustrate Allah throughout the Earth nor can we frustrate Him by flight" {Refer 72:12}

 

Seven Layers of Atmosphere

 

              Today we know that immediately above us there are seven layers of atmosphere:

1. Troposphere 2. Stratosphere 3. Ozonosphere 4. Mesosphere
5. Thermosphere 6. Ionosphere 7. Exosphere

              Learned Harun Yahya in the Books, in which scientific information is compiled and explained with beautiful pictures has, opined:

“The word "heavens", which appears in many verses in the Qur'an, is used to refer to the sky above the Earth, as well as the entire universe. Given this meaning of the word, it is seen that the Earth's sky, or the atmosphere, is made up of seven layers. (Layers of Atmosphere-Miracles of Quran-Harun Yahya)

 

The opinion expressed by learned Harun Yahya is not correct. It amounts to negating the vastness of words/concepts of Arabic Language and also negates what Quran calls about its Ayat have been “فصلت”, everything segregated, demarcated and made distinct from each other.

 

 We are not yet aware of the vastness of skies and will never be able to conceive/perceive it since it is expanding all the time. But Quran has given details of our solar system in an elaborate manner. When one sky has that vastness how can this word be used for seven layers of atmosphere?  

 

Seven skies and seven layers of our atmosphere are distinct from each other. Seven Layers of Atmosphere has distinctly been narrated after giving the details about the creation of Man:

 

"And in the past {before creation of Man} We had made above you seven tracts; and We were never unmindful of safety of our Creation" {Refer 23:12-17}

"And have We not built over you the seven firmaments? {for the reason} Since We made the Prominent Sun as candescent/diffusing, fiercely burning"  {Refer 78:12-13}

 

               Nature of sun is explained by the word وَهَّاجاً ..This is dangerous. These seven layers protect from this feature of the Sun.